1.Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies: Nick Bostrom
2.Humans Need Not Apply: A Guide to Wealth and Work in the Age of Artificial Intelligence: Jerry Kaplan
3.Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (AIMA): Stuart J. Russell and Peter Norvig
4.Our Final Invention: Artificial Intelligence and the End of the Human Era: James Barrat
5.Surviving AI: The Promise and Peril of Artificial Intelligence: Calum Chace
6.Gödel, Escher, Bach: Douglas Hofstadter
7.Heartificial Intelligence: John C. Havens
8.The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology: Ray Kurzweil
9.Deep learning: Ian Goodfellow and Yoshua Bengio and Aaron Courville
10.How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed: Ray Kurzweil
11.To Be a Machine: Adventures Among Cyborgs, Utopians, Hackers, and the Futurists Solving the Modest Problem of Death: Mark O’Connell
12.Thinking Machines: The Quest for Artificial Intelligence–and Where It’s Taking Us Next: Luke Dormehl
Superintelligence asks the questions: What happens when machines surpass humans in general intelligence? Will artificial agents save or destroy us? Nick Bostrom lays the foundation for understanding the future of humanity and intelligent life.
The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. If machine brains surpassed human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become extremely powerful—possibly beyond our control. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on humans than on the species itself, so would the fate of humankind depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence.
Selected as one of the 10 best science and technology books of 2015 by The Economist, Humans Need Not Apply is a call to arms for the age of artificially intelligent machines. The robots are coming, but whether they will be working on behalf of society or a small cadre of the super-rich is very much in doubt.
Without adjustments to our economic system and regulatory policies, entrepreneur and technical innovator, Jerry Kaplan argues we may be in for an extended period of social turmoil. Widespread poverty against a backdrop of escalating comfort and wealth is not just the stuff of science fiction dystopias, but a very real risk for our future.
Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (AIMA) is a university textbook on artificial intelligence, written by Stuart J. Russell and Peter Norvig. The third edition of the book was released 11 December 2009. It is used in over 1100 universities worldwide and has been called “the most popular artificial intelligence textbook in the world”.
In as little as a decade, artificial intelligence could match and then surpass human intelligence. Corporations and government agencies around the world are pouring billions into achieving AI’s Holy Grail―human-level intelligence. Once AI has attained it, scientists argue, it will have survival drives much like our own. We may be forced to compete with a rival more cunning, more powerful, and more alien than we can imagine.
Through profiles of tech visionaries, industry watchdogs, and groundbreaking AI systems, James Barrat’s Our Final Invention explores the perils of the heedless pursuit of advanced AI. Until now, human intelligence has had no rival. Can we coexist with beings whose intelligence dwarfs our own? And will they allow us to?
Good book for the curious about Artificial Intelligence. Calum Chace did a good job of providing an overview of the history of AI, how we got to where we are and some possibilities of what is to come. Fascinating look into our future..
Artificial intelligence is our most powerful technology and, in the coming decades, it’ll change everything in our lives. If we get it right, it’ll make humans almost godlike. If we get it wrong…well, extinction is not the worst possible outcome.
Besides being a profound and entertaining meditation on human thought and creativity, this book looks at the surprising points of contact between the music of Bach, the artwork of Escher, and the mathematics of Gödel. It also looks at the prospects for computers and Artificial Intelligence (AI) for mimicking human thought.
Twenty years after it topped the bestseller charts, Douglas R. Hofstadter’s Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid is still something of a marvel. Besides being a profound and entertaining meditation on human thought and creativity, this book looks at the surprising points of contact between the music of Bach, the artwork of Escher, and the mathematics of Gödel. It also looks at the prospects for computers and artificial intelligence (AI) for mimicking human thought.
Are you in charge of your own future? Maybe not, a new book argues, but there’s still an opportunity to change that. In Heartificial Intelligence, author John C. Havens introduces a realm of algorithms and smart machines well beyond anything you might know about. How do we navigate a world in which software is intelligent enough to learn from our behaviors and manipulate us to click and consume? What happens when that software is the soul of a robot caring for the elderly? Figure this stuff out now or pay the price later when every bit of your life is a datapoint owned by tech giants, Havens suggests.
The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology is a 2006 non-fiction book about artificial intelligence and the future of humanity by inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil. Ray Kurzweil is one of the world’s leading inventors, thinkers, and futurists, with a twenty-year track record of accurate predictions. Called “the restless genius” by The Wall Street Journal and “the ultimate thinking machine” by Forbes magazine, Kurzweil was selected as one of the top entrepreneurs by Inc. magazine, which described him as the “rightful heir to Thomas Edison.
Deep learning: Ian Goodfellow and Yoshua Bengio and Aaron Courville
Deep learning is a form of machine learning that enables computers to learn from experience and understand the world in terms of a hierarchy of concepts. Because the computer gathers knowledge from experience, there is no need for a human computer operator to formally specify all the knowledge that the computer needs. The hierarchy of concepts allows the computer to learn complicated concepts by building them out of simpler ones; a graph of these hierarchies would be many layers deep. This book introduces a broad range of topics in deep learning.
“How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed” is a non-fiction book about brains, both human and artificial, by the inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil. First published in hardcover on November 13, 2012, “How to Create a Mind” became a New York Times Best Seller. Kurzweil describes a series of thought experiments which suggest to him that the brain contains a hierarchy of pattern recognizers. Based on this he introduces his Pattern Recognition Theory of Mind. He says the neocortex contains 300 million very general pattern recognition circuits and argues that they are responsible for most aspects of human thought. He also suggests that the brain is a “recursive probabilistic fractal” whose line of code is represented within the 30-100 million bytes of compressed code in the genome.
“Flesh is a dead format,” writes Mark O’Connell in To Be a Machine, his new nonfiction book about the contemporary transhumanist movement. It’s an alarming statement, but don’t kill the messenger: As he’s eager to explain early in the book, the author is not a transhumanist himself. Instead, he’s used To Be a Machine as a vehicle to dive into this loosely knit movement, which he sums up as “a rebellion against human existence as it has been given.” In other words, transhumanists believe that technology — specifically, a direct interface between humans and machines — is the only way our species can progress from its current, far-than-ideal state. Evolution is now in our hands, they claim, and if that means shedding the evolutionary training wheels of flesh itself, so be it.
A fascinating look at Artificial Intelligence, from its humble Cold War beginnings to the dazzling future that is just around the corner. When most of us think about Artificial Intelligence, our minds go straight to cyborgs, robots, and sci-fi thrillers where machines take over the world. But the truth is that Artificial Intelligence is already among us. It exists in our smartphones, fitness trackers, and refrigerators that tell us when the milk will expire. In some ways, the future people dreamed of at the World’s Fair in the 1960s is already here. We’re teaching our machines how to think like humans, and they’re learning at an incredible rate.